Rogue can be used as noun or as adjective . The concept refers to the subject of dubious moral which appeals to its cunning to obtain certain benefits or to take advantage of a given circumstance.
For example: “Donato managed to grow in this company because he's rogue and knows how to always be in the right place, at the right time. ”, "That man became the rogue and did not respect the line like all of us", “I like mischievous people who take advantage of their opportunities”.
It should be noted that the notion is not always used with a negative charge. Occasionally, the rogue qualifier applies to someone who acts with liveliness , perhaps bordering the boundaries of the ethics , but without taking a negative action or worthy of condemning: "The forward, rogue, took advantage of a distraction from the goalkeeper and scored the first goal".
The qualifier, on the other hand, also mentions the one who act without shame , in a libidinous way or lascivious intentions: "Don't be rogue and take your hand out of there", "Why do you look at me with those roguish eyes?".
In the literature classic of Spain , a very popular genre is the picaresque novel . It was developed especially in the so-called Golden age , as the end of the Renaissance approached and the Baroque era began.
East gender parody epic stories and tales of chivalry, with protagonists who were antiheroes and that revealed problems typical of the Spanish society of the time.
By extension, other artistic genres whose central characters were rogues are known as picaresque. You can talk about a picaresque comedy when your humor revolves around the sexuality and at double meaning .
Let's look at the main characteristics of the picaresque genus:
It belongs to a stratum Social very low It usually comes from a family that lost honor, committed to crime or overtly marginal. This rogue is an antihero, contrary to a respectable gentleman, a figure that had ceased to exist in the society of the time. He has the goal of improving, although to get it he does not hesitate to use his cunning and resort to acts such as fraud and deception.
The rogue's treasure is his own freedom , since it is outside the codes imposed by contemporary high society.
It can be said that it is a false autobiography narrated by the rogue himself from the present, telling his adventures, trying to give lessons about good customs from his own mistakes and making a trip through his genealogy, which opposes the supposed lineage of gentlemen . The protagonist, who is author and actor, is clearly sorry for his actions.
The rogue seeks to scale socially but never succeeds, and relies on that can't stop being a rogue. The structure of the picaresque genre novels is based on this paradigm, which is especially appreciated in "The life of Lazarillo de Tormes"However, various authors of the genre (among which are Francisco de Quevedo, Mateo Alemán and Miguel de Cervantes) did not share this impossibility of improving since they opposed the concept of free will, of great importance for Catholicism in the counter Reformation.
The picaresque genre had a pronounced influence of contemporary sacred rhetoric, which generally preached examples through the narration of inappropriate behaviors that led to an inevitable punishment or regret. It is a ideology Pessimistic (since the cycle of sin and consequence is systematically shown) but, at the same time, moralizing (because it seeks to give a constructive message).