The piracy it is the activity that the pirates . In its original sense, a pirate was a criminal who boarded vessels at sea to keep his wealth. For example: "Piracy was one of the main concerns of the Spanish Crown", "The viceroy dedicated great efforts to fight against piracy that was developing near its coasts", "The empire endorsed piracy, which allowed it to increase its treasures by an illegal way".
Centuries ago piracy had a place in the world where it was concentrated and where it was the order of the day. We are referring to the Caribbean. And it is that the pirates found in the waters of this sea the perfect scenario to storm ships and fill their coffers. Why? Because there was an important transfer of vessels leaving the New World loaded with all kinds of precious metals, among other items, and heading to Europe.
It is important to know that in this type of pirates were also privateers. These were totally independent pirates, who were hired to be part of the crew of private ships and thus together with the rest to assault the ships of enemy countries.
At present, the notion of piracy and what we understand by pirate changed. Piracy is considered to consist of falsify a product , marketing illegal copies. It may also be the unauthorized commercialization (or dissemination) of intellectual works, such as movies, music records, etc. Pirate, meanwhile, is the adjective that applies to these copies: "Piracy is destroying the music industry", "Metallica was one of the rock bands that most opposed piracy", “In my house we don't support piracy: we only buy original DVDs”.
It can be said that piracy, in its current meaning, consists of a copyright infringement from a use not endorsed by the creator of works that are protected by the law .
Spain is one of the countries where more piracy exists and where, therefore, more justice and different governments are trying to take measures to end it. Specifically, in 2014 the figures for the so-called digital piracy have been very high: 4,455 million digital content. This means that in those twelve months only 40% of the access to digital content was legal.
Books, movies, record albums, video games and even television series are the most demanded products in the field of piracy. And on them measures are being taken. Specifically, in order to avoid the aforementioned piracy, we are proceeding both to close websites and to impose much stronger penalties.
Because of the characteristics of Internet , defining what piracy is and determining who is responsible is very difficult. According to certain perspectives, anyone who downloads a work without paying for the corresponding rights is incurring piracy. Other points of view, however, argue that the user who only downloads a product and does not profit from it, has no responsibility for piracy.