Before proceeding to determine the meaning of the term proem, it is necessary that we discover its etymological origin. In this sense, we can affirm that it derives from the Greek, specifically from the word "prooimion", which can be translated as "prologue" and that it is made up of two distinct parts:
-The prefix “pro-”, which is equivalent to “before”.
-The word "oime", which means "recited" or "poem."
It is a term that is usually mentioned as equivalent to Foreword : it refers, therefore, to the text that precedes the beginning of a work. The proem is placed before the body of a certain work and serves as an introduction, although it is not part of the work itself.
The proem can be associated with a preamble , a exordium or a prelude , according to the context. Its characteristics, therefore, vary according to the type of work. In the literature , it is considered that the proem is used to introduce the theme that will be discussed in the following pages.
In the plane musical , the concept of proem was used in ancient times to name the song that preceded the interpretation of certain instrumentalists. Also called proem to songs of religious type.
Specifically, it must be stated that in ancient times such compositions resulted in the creation of a genre of their own and different were the artists who specialized in it. This would be the case, for example, of Terprando. In Lesbos it was where, in the seventh century BC, this Greek poet and musician who has gone down in history due to different circumstances was born.
We can establish that he is recognized as an important author of proemios but also for having founded the so-called cite school. That without forgetting that there is also a legend about his figure that says that, after receiving orders from the so-called Oracle of Delphi, he managed to pacify the conflicts that existed in Sparta simply through music.
In general, it can be said that the proem seeks to guide the public. The creator of the work clarify or explain its creation and lay the groundwork for receiving it.
One of the most significant proemios in history is known as Parmenides Proem. This is a text that has preserved 32 verses that is responsible for starting the work "On nature", epic. That one is symbolic and reviews the mortal life, the gods, the vital journeys ...
For him right , the proem is what is included at the beginning of a contract to establish the legal nature of the same. Through the proem, it is mentioned who concludes the contract, details how they will be named below, etc. The proem, in short, indicates who are the parties involved in the contract, indicates the place and date where the agreement is signed and qualifies the content of the legal instrument.