The hormones who participate in the gestation process are called progestogens . Within this group, is the progesterone , which can be considered as the most important progestin among those that the human being Produces naturally.
The term progesterone is a neologism formed from the sum of two Latin components, such as the prefix “pro”, which can be translated as “forward”, and the verb “gestare”, which is equivalent to “being pregnant".
This steroid hormone, composed of four cyclic hydrocarbons that are interrelated with each other and other components, participates in the pregnancy , the embryogenesis and the menstruation . Progesterone is produced in the placenta , ovaries, liver and adrenal glands.
Progesterone can also be qualified as a sex-type hormone. It begins to occur after puberty in the women , encouraging maturational development from its action during the menstrual cycle. Progesterone, in fact, is key to the development of pregnancy.
During the gestation period, there are many women who see how their gynecologists are determined to prescribe progesterone. They do it because they consider it necessary to be able to face certain situations that take place such as the case that there is a risk of an abortion occurring naturally.
However, there are other cases in which a female, without being pregnant, also has to accept the prescription of that substance. Specifically, it is usual for the doctor to prescribe it when you are going to undergo an in vitro fertilization process and it is therefore necessary that the uterus be in the best conditions to receive what is the arrival of the baby.
Also do not forget that women who have absolutely irregular bleeding during menstruation should also take the measure of opting for progesterone to end that abnormality. Specifically, in these cases, it also helps to relieve certain habitual symptoms of that monthly stage such as back pain, bloating, tiredness, sudden mood swings or fatigue.
Progesterone can be presented in various forms: by oral tablets, in the form of a vaginal gel, as a suppository or as injections.
When progesterone is ingested through pills to some end, it can cause adverse effects, such as headache, kidney problems, cramps, fluid retention and diseases thrombotic type
The normal progesterone values in blood They vary according to different factors. In men and women before ovulation and after menopause, it is below one nanogram per milliliter. In the middle of their cycle, women show a blood progesterone level of between five and twenty nanograms per milliliter. During pregnancy, finally, the amount of progesterone varies between eleven and ninety nanograms per milliliter according to the stage.
A measurement The level of progesterone, therefore, can help diagnose pregnancy, ovulation problems, congenital adrenal hyperplasia or various kinds of Cancer .