Pointillism is the name that receives a movement from the painting that developed in the XIX century . Its main feature is the use of points and interrupted strokes for the creation of his works.
The pointillists, therefore, did not appeal to brush strokes when creating their paintings, they applied points of pure tones on the surfaces. This allowed them to develop different color games, since it is the eye of the observer who creates the combination.
That is to say, in this sense it is important to establish that in the works made by pointillists the colors are pure, they never mix. Moreover, it is the eyes of those who see them that make the viewer perceive them united.
The analysis of the optics , the calculations, the physical link between the different colors and the order were part of the creative process of pointillism growers. From the use of the dots of different colors, the pointillists could favor a sense of depth in their works.
To all of the above, it must be added that, according to the studies carried out in this area, it was France that became the center of the greatest production of works undertaken through pointillism. And it was in those lands where they could develop their work some of the most significant figures of this current or artistic movement, as would be the case of Paul Signac or George Seurat, among others. Two authors those who are considered the best representatives that he has had.
Seurat, in particular, has received the "title" from the father of pointillism, it was he who initiated it. Fruit of his work are some known and praised works such as "Bath in Asniéres" (1884) or "A summer Sunday in the Grande Jatte" (1886).
Paul Signac, on the other hand, is considered to be a fundamental figure within that artistic current because he managed to provide him with a series of novelties or singularities regarding, for example, the previous painter. Thus, in his case, he opted to give greater dynamism to the works giving greater body and size to the points. Among his best-known paintings are "The Port of Saint Tropez" (1907), "The Red Buoy" (1895) or "The Port of Marseille" (1907).
Among the painters who have been associated with this movement, in addition to those already mentioned, are Vincent van Gogh , Camille Pissarro , Henri Delavallée , Vlaho Bukovac ... It should be noted that studies conducted by pointillism theorists even influenced musicians, who began to investigate how the ear is responsible for decoding isolated sounds to create a melody, as well as eye Take the colored dots and combine them.
Pointillism, which is considered as a derivation of impressionism , also usually mentioned as post-impressionism , neoimpressionism or divisionism . Experts, however, trace certain differences between each concept. Divisionism, for example, had political claims along with its aesthetic stance, while pointillism was limited to worrying only about the technical.