He liver is a viscera or organ of vertebrate beings, which has an irregular shape and dark red color. It is located in the right front part of the abdomen and is covered by a fibrous capsule. This organ fulfills various functions that are vital, such as filtering and storing blood in the body and helping to convert food into energy.
In humans, the liver is the gland more voluminous It is responsible for the synthesis of plasma proteins, stores vitamins and removes from the blood substances that are harmful to the body, among other functions.
Specifically, the liver produces bile (a substance necessary for the digestion of food), metabolizes carbohydrates and lipids (thereby synthesizing cholesterol), eliminates insulin, synthesize proteins , transforms ammonium into urea and acts as a glycogen and vitamin deposit, for example.
The liver, which weighs approximately 1.5 kilos, is divided into four lobes: the right , he left , he square and the caudate lobe or from Spiegel . The main relationships of this organ are made with those structures that are located to the left of the abdomen.
Between the diseases It can be mentioned hepatitis (A, B and C), liver cirrhosis, hepatocarcinoma (liver cancer), non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and various congenital diseases such as Dubin-Johnson syndrome and Gilbert's syndrome.
To avoid liver poisoning, doctors recommend a healthy food , with ample consumption of fruits and water, and the abandonment of alcoholic beverages (such drinks cause cirrhosis).
Another common and often serious ailment in this organ is the Cancer. This disease occurs when liver cells begin to develop rapidly and those that must die do not, becoming abnormal cells and forming a tumor. The best known liver cancer is the one called malignant hepatoma, hepatocellular carcinoma or primary cancer and can develop at any age; When it is done in very young children, it is called hepatoblastoma.
In some cases liver cancer derives from a spread (The disease has started in another area of the body), in this case it is known as metastatic cancer. In addition, as certain studies return, this disease is related to hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) because, between 10 to 20 percent of people who have ever had this one, have subsequently suffered from this type of cancer.
Other causes that can cause it are the indiscriminate alcohol abuse or malnutrition; they can lead to the individual suffering from cirrhosis first (a disorder that progressively heals the liver, affecting its fundamental functions) and subsequently presenting the Liver cancer.
Among the first symptoms of this disease are loss of appetite, weight, fever, fatigue and weakness; however it is very difficult to detect because its signals are vague and could be found related to other ailments.
Later there are clearer symptoms such as pain in the upper abdomen which extends to the back and shoulders; In addition, there is usually a crisis of vomiting and jaundice (the skin and the whites of the eyes take a yellowish hue and the urine becomes dark).
To determine the fair diagnosis, the doctor orders a series of studies to check the functioning of this organ and verify the existence of tumor markers. In addition, chest and abdominal radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging are performed, among other studies. Finally, if all the results have revealed the presence of this disease, a biopsy That is what will definitely confirm the diagnosis. It consists of removing with a needle the liver tissue, extracting a sample that will be analyzed under a microscope to see if there are cancer cells.
Once the disease has been confirmed, appropriate treatment is carried out; Although this is one of the most difficult to control cancers, there are many treatments that can help those who suffer from it. According to its stadium and of the conditions in which the liver is found it can be recommended surgery, chemotherapy or treatment with high energy rays or a combination of various treatments.