It is called mating to the act and result of mating , a verb which can allude to different questions: to reunite the males and the females so that they have young, to congregate two elements to form a pair or to arrange different objects in such a way that they are equal.
If we focus on the terrain of the biology , the notion of mating encompasses behaviors and the Actions that two copies of different sex carry out for the development of the procreation . Mating, in this context, ends in the copulation .
It is important to highlight that before reaching this last step, which consists of the action that the male performs to inseminate the female, which is usually described with the term penetration, the mating is a broader set, in which we also find the different forms of courtship .
Courtship is a process that begins with the selection of an individual with the objective of maintaining intimate relationships with him, and the consequent behavior to attract him. Although at present this term is used especially to speak of species animals, also the human being.
Animal species, to reproduce, develop mating naturally. However, in some cases, the man intervenes in the reproduction and leave that mating aside. This happens when you appeal to the artificial insemination of cattle, for example. In these cases, the animals do not mate to have young.
It is known as mating system to the structuring of sexual behaviors. Links can occur within the framework of monogamy or polygamy, depending on the species. In the case of human being , the mating system is very wide since there are multiple types of relationships. Humans also usually develop sexual relations without reproductive purposes.
The idea Mating also appears in other areas that are not linked to sexuality. He base pairing It is an interaction established by nitrogenous bases and that allows hybridization of ribonucleic acid (RNA ) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA ).
In order to achieve the emergence of said folded or hybridized forms of nucleic acids, it is necessary that certain well-defined regions interact. The well-known scientists Francis Harry Compton Crick and James Dewey Watson , native of England and the United States respectively, modeled a Pattern of mating in which you can appreciate the guanine-cytosine, adenine-thymine interaction , which results in the double helix structure of deoxyribonucleic acid.
Another thing that arises from the complementary nature of such mating is the mechanism of transcription and replication, two processes fundamental for the processing and transfer of genetic information. This phenomenon can be both intramolecular and intermolecular; for example, the pairing of single-stranded RNAs takes place intramolecularly, between parts of a single strand that complement each other, while the bases of a strand of DNA do otherwise, intramolecularly, with those of the strand that complements them.
The interactions that can be seen during base pairing is governed by the links of hydrogen . It is only possible to obtain stability if the pairs have an adequate degree of geometric correspondence. Over the decades since the first observation that was made of base mating, scientists have discovered several types; In addition to the aforementioned Watson and Crick, the Wobble, the Hoogsteen and the one given with sugar oriented in trans or cis stand out.
In graph theory, mating is the group of edges that lack shared vertices in a graph .