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The word calculation comes from the Latin term calculus ("stone" ) and refers to the account, enumeration or research carried out by means of a mathematical exercise . The concept is also used as a synonym for guess .

The most widespread use of the term is within the scope of the logic Or the math , where the calculation consists of a algorithm (a set of preset instructions) that allows you to anticipate the result that will come from certain data that are known in advance. The etymological origin of the word has to do with the rocks which were used in ancient times to perform these types of calculations.

For example: "Have you analyzed the balances ? I think some sales calculations are badly done. ", "If my calculation is correct, this month we will earn more than a thousand dollars", "A quick calculation allowed Luis to estimate that the losses will not be so great", "According to Javier's calculation, we have to put a hundred pesos each to rent the room".

Among the different types of calculations, we can mention the algebraic calculus (which uses numbers and letters that appear in replacement of quantities) and at arithmetic calculation (which only uses numbers and certain signs that act by convention).

In economy , the essential calculation, unlike traditional calculation methods, is focused on outside and facing future . While conventional calculations are based on the internal aspects of a company, taking into account the number of units and the costs that were in the past; the essential calculation analyzes the environmental conditions, technology, forms of organization and the budget to be counted on (costs )in the future.

The essential calculation seeks that the company is optimally integrated into the environment so that its performance can take place not only in the present, but also in the future, so that the attraction force on supplementary factors in the production chain. It should be noted that the essential method It tries to adapt to the complex profitability action from a general approach, looking at the environment and taking advantage of resources today to ensure a satisfactory future for the company.

Medicinal definition of the term

A calculation is also a accumulation of some kind of substance It generates a kind of stone in the kidneys, the bladder (either from bile or urine) or in the salivary glands. Its formation and its exit from the body can generate various disorders, such as cramps that cause great pain, problems urinating or bleeding in the urine.

For example, the kidney stones they are a solid formation of small crystals that lodge either in the kidney or the ureter and that are usually hereditary (in many cases they occur in premature babies). In other cases they can develop in adulthood, when you have a urine composed of certain substances (calcium and oxalate ), which form those minimal crystals that later become called calculi. Until they form, it can take weeks to several months.

Substances such as oxalate are present in the foods consumed, such as spinach, and in some vitamin supplements. On the other hand, if you suffer from diseases in the small intestine , the calculations are more likely to appear later.

They are much more common in men over 20 years, however women also suffer, especially those who suffer from urinary disorders . The so-called stones usually occur in these cases struvite , which can be extremely harmful, even clogging kidneys, ureters and even the bladder, so it is recommended that before the first symptom See a specialist.

The most common stones in men are those of uric acid and, although they are absolutely treatable, the person who suffers them is also required to consult with their doctor.

The most relevant symptom of this type of conditions is intense abdominal pain, on the side of the back, in the groin or testicles, whose appearance is sudden and can also disappear abruptly. According to type of calculation If one suffers, one or another treatment will be required, only in cases of extreme danger is it necessary to carry out surgery .

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