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It is called carlism to the movement Yet the doctrine that emerged as an opposition to liberalism , supporting Carlos of Bourbon to succeed the king Fernando VII instead of Isabel II of Spain who was finally enthroned in 1833 .

Carlism was traditionalist and absolutist: the defense of monarchy and of the Catolic religion They were his pillars. It was a movement that was valid until the fall of the Francoism in the mid-decade of 1970 . In almost a century and a half, Carlism participated in armed confrontations and was part of Spanish politics.

Historians argue that Carlism, in its origins, was a response to liberalism , driven by the most conservative sectors of the society of Spain . When he passed away Fernando VII in 1833 , a dispute arose over his succession between his daughter Isabel II And his brother Carlos of Bourbon . While the first bet on the reforms that arose after the French Revolution , Carlos of Bourbon defended the privileges of the aristocracy and the Catholic Church.

Who accessed the Crown finally it was Isabel II . Carlism, in this context, began to act to overthrow the queen. The insurrections fostered by the movement were known as Carlist Wars .

The First Carlist War it started in 1833 and extended until 1839 , leaving near 200,000 dead . Between 1846 and 1849 the Second Carlist War , less tragic. Finally in 1872 burst the Third Carlist War that lasted until 1876 .

In addition to all the exposed data on Carlism, we can establish other equally significant ones such as the following:
- Throughout its history it was also known as the Carlista Party, Traditional Communion or Catholic-Monarchical Communion.
-Your motto was "God, Homeland, King", to which, over the years, I would also add the word "Fueros".
-Its flag was composed of a white background on which the famous Burgundy Cross was presented in red. This cross can be established that it is a representation of the Cross of San Andres where it is made up of two trunks that form the cross and that present knots in the places where those are considered to have been broken.
-No less relevant is that the Carlism initially had as a hymn what was called the March of Don Carlos. However, from 1930, he changed and his anthem was the March of Oriamendi. This was composed by Ignacio Baleztena Azcárate and featured the musical arrangements of Silvano Cervantes. It should be noted that it receives its name from a battle that happened in the hill that gives it its name and that took place in 1837 during the First Carlist War. It is also interesting to know that during the Spanish Civil War it became the anthem of the Requeté.
-The Requeté was a paramilitary and Carlist organization that was created in the early twentieth century and managed to be made up of more than 60,000 volunteers.

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