A cave is a hole or one depression of the ground that can occur from the action of the nature or artificially through the action of human being . For example: "The explorer fell into a cave that was hidden behind some branches", “The cave paintings in this cave are the oldest in the country”, “The workers built a cave in the mountain to take refuge from the storms”.
The erosion produced by the Water , the dissolution of rocks or the passage of the wash They are some of the natural events that can lead to the creation of a cave. These spaces so particular and attractive to many can be used as living place or refuge , something that was very common in prehistory.
Specialists in the study of caves are known as cavers , and the science which brings together these experts is called speleology . Cavers wear waterproof suits and helmets as protection, since caves are humid environments in which there may be rockfalls.
Among the most famous caves in the world, are the Altamira Cave (in Cantabria , Spain ) and the Cave of the hands (Santa Cruz , Argentina ), recognized for hosting rock art and being part of the World Heritage .
Cave, on the other hand, is a concept that is used to name the place where criminals gather or in which they are carried out illegal activities : “That place is a cave of thieves”, "Police raided a cave where money was forged".
Most shocking caves in the world
Cave of the giant crystals, Mexico
It is one of the most recent wonders of nature. It was discovered at the beginning of this millennium and boasts impressive crystals of cast Large size. Another of its characteristics, which can not be overlooked, is its temperature: the maximum it can reach is 58 degrees, so a human being cannot survive inside for more than half an hour.
Enchanted Well, Brazil
This cave is located in the Chapada Diamantina National Park and is one of the most popular places among tourists who love the ecology. Its name derives from the nuances that acquire its waters because of the effect of the sun's rays at certain times.
Jeita Grotto, Lebanon
It is located 20 kilometers from the capital of Lebanon, Beirut, more precisely in the Nahr al-Kalb valley and is considered one of the wonders of the world. This cave is formed by a cave that is crossed by the Dog River, two limestone caves and some galleries in its highest part. Its main attraction lies in its stalagmites and stalactites, which arose because of the erosion of the water.
Waitomo Caves, New Zealand
It is a series of caves whose strong point is a kind of worm that emits light to attract its prey, and that lives on the roof in a large number, which generates a picture similar to a starry sky. Admiring the walls of these caves is a show like no other.
Crystal Caves, Bermuda Islands
They are located in Hamilton and it is one of the busiest sites in the archipelago. At 36 meters deep, it boasts about dimensions that few caves in the whole world can overcome. Cashow Lake passes through its interior and also has rock formations on its roofs that leave its visitors speechless.
Dongzhong Cave, China
In addition to offering stunning views, this cave has a school inside it. It is located in a village in southwestern China that had no funds to build its educational center elsewhere.