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Quota It is a term that comes from to fit , a verb which refers to the ability to enter or be contained in something else . A quota, therefore, can be a fraction , a fragment or a component of a whole . For example: “You have not yet enrolled in the course? Hurry up, there are only three spaces available ”, "Sorry, we don't have quotas anymore", "With this Uruguayan victory, America ensures an additional quota for the next world championship".

The quota can be understood as a share or a percentage of something within a wider context. Suppose that, in a radio station, the programming manager agrees that 70% of the songs he broadcasts are of national origin. In this radio, therefore, there will be a quota of national issues to fulfill in the framework of the programming.

It is known as screen quota , on the other hand, to the official measures that force movie theaters to release a certain minimum amount of national films or that they remain on the billboard for a certain period of time. In this way, it seeks to protect local industries from countries more powerful, like the United States.

The idea of ​​quota can also be associated with vacancies available in some context or to the proportion that in a tribute or one rate , corresponds to citizens: "The educational entity committed to scholarship to fifty students and the quota was sold out in a few hours", "I think the government is not respecting the quota in the municipal tax", "The quota of participants in the Gran Canaria swim crossing was exhausted".

Similarly, it can simply mean the general part or percentage of a space (not necessarily physical) offered for a specific purpose: "It's really hard to exhaust the gigabyte quota that Gmail offers its users".

The Basque quota

Every year, the Basque Country makes a contribution to the Spanish State by way of general expenses that it assumes for the non-transferred powers, which includes Defense and Royal House, and also the maintenance of institutions common (the Senate, the ministries, the Congress), of the infrastructures (such as airports, Spanish High Speed ​​and ports) and the external representation. Said contribution is known as quota.

To determine the value of the Basque quota, 6.24% of the State's expenditure in these matters must be calculated. Initially, the weight of the economy of the Basque Country in Spain's Gross Domestic Product was taken into account, but every five years the base on which it is applied is renegotiated, paying attention to the disbursement made by the central government in the items of which it has competence exclusively.

The reason that the Basque Country must comply with the law del Cupo is explained in its history. Since the end of the 19th century, it has had its own fiscal and economic regime, which is known by the name Economic Concert and is included in its Statute of Autonomy. Although Franco annulled the special regime of the provinces of Guipúzcoa and Vizcaya, which were accused of "rebels", during the constitutional stage they recovered their collection capacity (Navarra and Álava, for their part, never lost it).

In the European continent there are no other territories that have a capacity of similar tax regulations, although there are certain tax exceptions within the European Union, usually in the areas farthest from the metropolis. A clear example of this situation is the Canary Islands. These are territories that have a series of privileges and advantages in the fiscal field as a compensation for the inconvenience caused by their location, so remote.

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