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From Latin frequentia, frequency is the minor or major repetition of an event . This is the number of times a certain periodic process is repeated in a temporary unit. The higher the frequency, the greater the repetition or assiduity.

Cardiac , from Latin cardiacus, is that pertaining or relative to the heart . This muscular organ, which in the case of the human being is located in the thoracic cavity, is responsible for promoting the blood .

It is known as heart rate to the number of beats (heartbeat) per unit of time . This frequency is usually expressed in beats per minute , whose normal number will vary according to the conditions of the body (if you are active or at rest).

He pulse It can be taken at different body points. The most common are the wrist, neck and chest, since there you can notice the beats more easily. The most commonly used pulse points to measure heart rate are those where arteries They are closer to the skin.

The correct way to palpate the pulse is with the index and cordial fingers (since the thumb has its own pulse). The fingers should exert a gentle pressure on the area where the artery passes to, in this way, feel the pulsations.

The heart rate varies according to the characteristics of each person, since it depends on physical condition, age, genetics and environmental conditions, among other factors. A healthy adult has a heart rate between 60 and 100 beats per minute, which can go down to 40 during sleep and go up to 200 with intense physical activity.

It is known that diseases of the heart represent one of the most common causes of death worldwide; In many countries, it is at the top of the list of non-violent deaths. For that reason, it is necessary to develop certain cardiovascular health care habits, some of which are detailed below:

* take care of the diet: the feeding Inadequate is directly related to heart attacks, especially because of the abuse of saturated and transgenic fats. Some of the things to avoid are excess salt and pastries, and the consumption of red meat. Many doctors recommend opting for a balanced vegetarian diet, making sure you get all the necessary nutrients and vitamins;

* exercise: Although this is usually associated with the image, the exercise It is in principle beneficial to our health. Experts say that thirty minutes of any physical activity a day are enough; Although this does not require a great effort, the most important and difficult to achieve is constancy;

* avoid stress: we cannot always avoid problems, since in many cases it depends on their resolution that we reach the Balance. However, it is very important that we analyze the true severity of each incident, avoiding magnifying them, and that we look for the best way to solve them, trying not to distress ourselves if this cannot be achieved immediately;

* control weight: similar to exercising, it is normal to believe that being thin matters to those who care about aesthetics, but it is another bad interpretation. Obesity has a close relationship with heart problems. Some studies indicate that only 10% of weight can make a difference in Health from our heart;

* sleep well: For many, this is an almost impossible goal to achieve. We live in an era of haste without end, of obligations that stun us throughout the week, of accounts payable, of economic crisis ... It all leads us to saturate ourselves, to waste our time and to forget one of the needs fundamentals of our heart: rest.

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