The notion of hippie refers to a countercultural movement that emerged in the decade of 1960 in the American territory. Also called hippie, or jipi , to the member of this subculture characterized by the pacifism and for its critical position before the predominant social structures.
The hippie movement was born under the influence of the Beat generation , a set formed by writers like Jack kerouac , Allen Ginsberg and William Burroughs who resorted to drugs , promoted the sexual freedom and rejected the traditional values of American culture.
From the city of San Francisco , the hippies expanded throughout the country and then the rest of the world, encouraging pacifism and the free love . The use of drugs to reach altered states of consciousness, the meditation , he environmentalism and the no consumerism They were other hippy pillars.
Life in community and the celebration of outdoor events also characterized the hippies, who used to listen folk (traditional style music) and psychedelic rock . The biggest hippie meeting took place in 1969, when the festival of Woodstock : for three days, more than 400,000 people gathered to listen to Jimi Hendrix , Santana , Janis Joplin , The Grateful Dead , Joan Baez , Creedence Clearwater Revival and The who , among other artists.
Regarding aesthetics, hippies wore long hair and clothing wide and colorful, with floral patterns. The bell pants and long skirts were part of his usual wardrobe.
It is important to highlight the rejection of which the hippie movement has been and continues to be a victim, by those who accuse it of propaganda in favor of drug use and opposition to many of the values that, in their opinion, are fundamental to the development of the society. Its detractors use concepts such as "social decay" to refer to some of the consequences that the presence of hippies brings to the community in general.
To study a cultural movement or a subculture we must put aside our prejudices and analyze point by point all the data we obtain from them, without allowing subjective opinions to slip through. Since only by living their customs as one of their community is it possible to know what hippie really is, it is not advisable to limit ourselves to judging the short and cold list of values that supposedly represent them.
Precisely, many of the speeches that attempt to invalidate the hippie culture focus on drugs - forgetting in a timely manner the consequences of excessive alcohol and tobacco consumption, very common outside this movement - and neglecting their proposals in favor of Peace and social equality. We should not overlook that the first young people who identified with these ideas were looking for end violence , in the context of the war of Vietnam and its terrible consequences for society.
At XXI century , the hippie movement is a minority and does not exist in an organized manner. However, their influences They can be detected in multiple cultural aspects. Perhaps the most obvious at the superficial level is the way of dressing: today, many people who support this culture wear their typical clothes and fix their hair just like their mentors did.
Music is another of the elements that continue to be present in current hippies, and has a very particular strength, since far from being an aesthetic accessory is a source of messages that help reinforce their ideals while spreading them. Although it seems contradictory, the Internet helps them to disseminate their ideas, since it brings curious people closer to many of their customs and musical groups, and even to buy clothing and characteristic accessories.