Pin
Send
Share
Send


He human being , like its closest ancestors, is part of the genus of hominid primates known as Homo . East gender , from the tribe of homininis , arose ago about 2.4 million years .

It is possible to recognize, within this genus, various species already extinct. One of them is the Homo erectus , who lived between 1.8 million and 300,000 years before today, at the time of Lower and middle pleistocene (was Cenozoic ).

The fossils of Homo erectus were found in the region of Eastern Asia , in countries like China and Indonesia . Other similar fossils were found in Africa and in Europe , although finally the scientists chose to include them in other species.

He Homo erectus It was robust and could measure up to 1.80 meters . It had a strong jaw but no chin, small teeth and a cranial volume that grew along the history of the species until reaching 1,200 cubic centimeters .

It is believed that the Homo erectus he already dominated fire. This species also had the ability to develop tools such as hammers, knives, anvils and diggers, made with stones and bones.

It is possible to recognize various subspecies within Homo erectus, such as Homo erectus pekinensis ("Peking Man"), the Homo erectus erectus ("Java man") and the Homo erectus soloensis ("Solo Man").

Scientists still debate whether Homo erectus is a direct ancestor of Homo sapiens (the modern human being). It is even believed that the last stocks of the Homo erectus they lived with populations of Homo sapiens .

The importance of Homo erectus

One of the main characteristics of Homo erectus was his skill in making weapons and tools, in addition to the fact that he walked with the erect body and that both the volume of his brain, his height and his average weight place them very close to our species from a physiological point of view.

Homo habilis stood out for starting combine and modify elements of your environment to create his own tools, but Homo erectus went much further than his supposed predecessor: his weapons became so lethal that they made him the first species of our family capable of hunting animals like mammoth.

On the other hand, Homo erectus was the first to transcend the confines of Southeast Africa, unlike its ancestors. He was able to expand considerably its area of ​​settlement, until occupying the rest of the black continent and reach Asia, Europe and Insulindia (former name with which the archipelago that is located between Australia and the peninsula of Malacca was known). In fact, the first remains of Homo erectus were found on the Indonesian island of Java.

During the evolution of Homo erectus, the Earth was in a glacial period, and the cold inspired this species to create stone walls to shelter from the wind or constructions similar to the current tents, using other skins animals. Similarly, Homo erectus did not hesitate to take advantage of the protection that the caves could provide.

Without a doubt, the discovery of fire or, rather, having learned to master it, is what places Homo erectus in such a respected position by the scholars of our evolution. As expected, there is no exact data on how this fascinating process of approach to fire took place, but it is estimated that it has begun by keeping alive a naturally provoked flame, perhaps by lightning, to later find a method to provoke One at any time.

Pin
Send
Share
Send