The first step we are going to take to establish the meaning of starvation is to make its etymological origin clear. In this sense, we have to say that it emanates from Latin, from “inanitium”, which derives from the verb “inanire”. This can be translated as "being empty."
The first time the Latin term was used was around the 5th century A.D. Specifically, it appeared in a series of texts made by the Roman writer and physician Celio Aureliano.
The starvation is a condition or a biological state that occurs before the lack of nutrients that the Humans we receive through the feeding . This means that starvation occurs in the absence of food .
By not eating, people do not assimilate vitamins, minerals and the rest of the components that allow them to obtain Energy and, therefore, stay in a healthy state. Starvation is considered as an aggravated form of malnutrition or malnutrition , which develops in the absence of access to food that extends over time.
There are several causes that can lead to person (or even an entire community) to starvation. One of the most frequent are the wars or armed confrontations, which decimate food resources and prevent the population from eating normally.
Another reason that can cause starvation is natural catastrophes. A flood or one drought they can damage crops and kill cattle, the two most important food sources. By not having access to food, victims begin a process that leads to starvation.
In addition to the above, it must be established that there are symptoms that indicate that someone suffers from starvation. Among them are the following:
• The hair looks quite dry and falls easily.
• The skin is identified because it is pale, cold and also loses all elasticity.
• No less significant is the fact that the sufferer also often suffers from diarrhea.
• The pulse becomes much slower.
• Blood pressure drops noticeably.
• It should also be stressed that men suffering from starvation suffer an absolute loss of libido. And the same goes for women, who also have to deal with amenorrhea problems.
• In the same way it should be noted that whoever suffers it is also identified as being especially irritable and being totally “absorbed” by apathy.
• There is a notable decrease in body temperature and problems with cardiorespiratory insufficiency usually arise.
• Likewise, the healing of wounds that could be had is strongly delayed.
The consequences of starvation are multiple. Weight loss, feeling weak and metabolic problems are the most frequent. When starvation remains in the weather , the deterioration of the organs becomes irreversible and the person can die .
Many agencies work in the fight against starvation and malnutrition. From non-governmental organizations to supranational entities, these associations have the objective of ensuring that food is available to all people, in any corner of the world.