In order to know the meaning of the term curriculum design it is necessary, first, to discover the etymological origin of the two words that shape it:
-Design comes from the Italian “disegno”, which can be translated as “draw”.
-Curricular, meanwhile, emanates from the Latin "curriculum", which means "curriculum" and is the result of the sum of two clearly defined components of that language: the noun "cursus", which is synonymous with "career" , and the suffix "-culo", which can be translated as "instrument" or "medium".
The notion of design can be used to name the delineation of something (a project, a work, etc.). Curriculum , meanwhile, is that linked to a curriculum : a study program.
The idea from Curricular design , therefore, refers to a process which enables organize and develop an educational plan . Through this structuring it is sought to satisfy the formative needs of the students.
The curriculum design is reflected in a document which presents the structure of the education plan, detailing the characteristics and projecting the scope of the training. This document mentions the objectives of the curriculum, the competences that are sought to be developed, the results that are sought and the certification that is provided.
Thanks to the curricular design, it is possible to assert that the training is relevant according to the degree of training. Teachers find in him a guide to carry out the pedagogical work.
It can be said that the curriculum design defines what, how and when is it taught . It also provides answers to these questions regarding the action to evaluate. Ideological concepts, social factors, issues related to epistemology and themes of the psychology They are part of the design.
In order to carry out a curriculum design, it is necessary to be clear that a series of tasks must be carried out, such as the following:
-The diagnosis of problems and needs regarding the context and the existing situation. Specifically, this work consists of three fundamental stages: the study of what the theoretical framework is, the exploration of real situations and the determination of problems and needs.
-The modeling of the curriculum, in which, for example, the contents necessary to achieve the desired objectives are determined.
-The curricular structuring, where you choose, for example, the order in which the curriculum design will be developed.
-The organization for the implementation, that is, the establishment of measures to guarantee what is the implementation of the curriculum project.
-The design of the curricular evaluation, which should have as its starting point what are terminal objectives.
The curricular design, in short, is the procedure that enables general planning of academic activities . The curriculum, once defined, then adapts to the particular conditions of each educational establishment, always respecting the principles established in the design. This is intended to ensure that each student can develop their potential , train and conclude the educational process prepared to integrate at a higher level or to the work universe.