The metaphysics is the area of the philosophy focused on be . This discipline analyzes the principles, properties and nature of the reality that are inaccessible through experience.
The object of study of metaphysics, therefore, cannot be examined or demonstrated by empirical research . It is often said that while the biology takes as a starting point the existence of life and the chemistry does the same with matter, metaphysics is responsible for defining what life is and what is matter.
Metaphysics is associated with what Aristotle called the first philosophy , which studied the causes and characteristics of be . The concept, in fact, arose from the order that Andronic of Rhodes he gave a first edition of notes of Aristotle .
It can be said that metaphysics seeks to understand reality from the theory , trying to penetrate the elementary principles of things. What it is to be and why there is something are two of your essential questions.
Being, in this context, is that which, leaving aside all the individual characteristics of the particular entities, continues to be the same in all entities. Being is also defined as what can be attributed to everything .
It is important to keep in mind that there are different ways of understanding what metaphysics is and the scope of this part of philosophy. There are those who affirm that the postulates of metaphysics they have no meaning or meaning , while others argue that their statements do have meaning, but it is not possible to determine whether the statements are false or true since it exceeds the Cognitive ability of the human being .