The idea of value may refer to level of fitness or utility of something . In the field of accounting and economics, value is the equivalence that exists between two things, generally considering a currency.
Value, on the other hand, can be a document which represents a borrowed amount or participation in a commercial company. In this context, it is called nominal value to the figure with which a commercial document is issued (as a action ).
This nominal value is the original , he ideal or the theoretical . On the other hand the real value it is the result of a specific measurement at a specific moment. Generally, the nominal value arises by convention, rule or agreement.
In one share, the nominal value is set by its issuer and appears in writing. Suppose a company start trading on the bag and, in its first issue of securities, issues 10,000 shares with a nominal value of 50 dollars each. Over time, the stock price may vary. In this way, an action that was purchased from 50 dollars can be sold to 45 dollars or to 58 dollars , to cite some possibilities. This means that the real value of the shares becomes, as the case may be, 45 or 58 dollars , and not anymore 50 dollars of the nominal value.
In a company that has partners through shares, for example, the nominal value of the shares of each one plays a fundamental role. Why? Because precisely the nominal value of these will determine which of the members has more or less weight within the company to make decisions. Thus, for example, in any vote, the partner with shares with a value of 500,000 euros may be more relevant than the one with 1,000 euros in shares.
In a similar sense, a company in the dairy sector can throw a milk that sells in cartons of a liter to 10 pesos , specifying said nominal value in the box. However, due to the inflation , a few months later that same product starts selling to 12 pesos . The actual value of the product, therefore, increased 2 pesos .
In addition to all of the above, it is necessary to know other relevant data about the nominal value such as:
- It plays a fundamental role in what are the studies and analyzes that are carried out at the time of being able to know the real state of the economy of a country. Specifically, to discover the growth of the economy of that nation.
- Mortgages, bonds or promissory notes can also be thoroughly analyzed through what would be the nominal value they possess.
- Within the field of metrotechnics, it is referred to as the value obtained as a result of the measurement that has been carried out when analyzing data.
-In the field of engineering, on the other hand, when talking about nominal value, reference is being made to the value given to a part, an installation or an apparatus in question in order to distinguish it from the real value.