Rally is a word of the language English that is also used in our language to name a car competition that develops by sections and off a track. In addition to cars, in some rallies Trucks, trucks and motorcycles can participate.
A rally takes place in a highway or in a open ground , with a route pre-established by the organization of the race. Once all the stages are completed, the time : the winner of the rally will be the competitor who has added less time and that, therefore, has been the fastest in traveling the different paths of the competition.
Another important difference between the rally and the car races that take place on a track is that, in the rally, each long competitor in lonely , with a minute of difference between one participant This means that vehicles often do not cross during the race.
There are national and international rally championships. As in the Formula 1 the pilots accumulate points according to the results of the different races, in the World Rally Championship points are added according to the performance in the different rally events that take place in countries such as Argentina , Spain , Australia , France , Greece , Finland and Sweden , among others.
There's also rallies specials that are not part of a championship, but are specific tests. The most famous in the world is the Dakar Rally , a RAID That was born in 1979 and that, in its origins, led competitors to unite Europe and Africa .
The history of the rally is difficult to specify, given that the first motorized races did not have a well-defined organization, which distinguished between, for example, Formula 1 and Rally, as is the case today. Printed evidence leads us to think that the term itself was first used in 1911, to give name to the Monte Carlo Rally, although it is believed that did not enjoy great acceptance until the middle of the century , when Europe adopted this word to baptize its competitions and France altered it slightly to make it a "rally"
In the late 1800s, a few decades before someone coined the term rally, human beings began looking for new ways to compete, and that's how car races were born . As mentioned in the previous paragraph, the first organizations were not very strict or structured, but in each meeting they used to make certain adjustments that were shaping, little by little, the modalities We know today.
The first car competitions had in common with the rally that the roads were open. Their departure and arrival points used to be found in different cities. In 1894, for example, a famous race was held (the oldest one to have been documented) that united the French cities of Paris and Rouen. Later, the goals began to transcend the boundaries of the nation itself, to reach neighboring countries, such as Germany and Austria.
Some of the first problems with which they had to face in the rallies of the time were the differences between the engines of used cars within the same competition, since there were not always well-defined rules in this regard, and such diversity could be reflected in an imbalance that harmed those who had the technology less advanced
At present, the rally faces certain obstacles in some countries of the world, since his practice threatens the integrity of natural spaces They serve as a stage. Such is the case of the Dakar in South America, which involves Argentina, Chile and Peru in a fight between those who wish to continue this competition and those who denounce the large percentage of destruction it causes in an area of heritage archaeological.