The Latin term tertiarĭus came to our language as tertiary . It is an adjective that refers to what is located in the third position regarding a certain order or structure.
He third sector , for example, is the economic sector composed of services that are provided to people, without involving the production of material goods. According to the most common division of the economic structure, the primary sector It is he who is responsible for obtaining raw materials, the secondary sector is dedicated to the transformation of these matters and the third sector It is oriented to the generation of services, not products.
A travel agency It is part of the tertiary sector of the economy : does not produce goods, but markets tickets or manages hotel reservations. A Private university It also belongs to the tertiary sector since it is dedicated to the offer of educational services.
Within the tertiary sector there are many subsectors, all characterized by offering their customers the satisfaction of one or more needs; Among them are the following: commerce, finance, communication, transportation, leisure, shows, hospitality and tourism . Nor can we put aside the private initiative (such as education and health) or public services , which the State provides.
Thanks to the presence of the tertiary sector in the economy, the direction and organization of the productive activity of the other two is possible, which depend on it for its operation and developing . It is worth mentioning that, despite what has been said so far, the tertiary sector falls into the category of production sector.
The tertiary sector increased its activity and became the most prominent in developed countries since the last days of the industrial revolution, and this phenomenon that transformed society and the economy is known as outsourcing . According to Paul Krugman, Nobel Prize in economics, the main cause of the paralysis of living standards in more than one country revolves around the decline in productivity of the tertiary sector.
The Tertiary era (which was also called Tertiary Period ), on the other hand, is the first of the call Cenozoic Era , which began about 65 million years ago and extended until about 2 million years ago. From those years, the Quaternary Era . According to another doctrine , However, the Cenozoic Era It extends to the present.
It is important to note that the name Tertiary Period It is no longer valid, according to the International Stratigraphy Commission, a scientific subcommittee that is responsible for geology , geochronology and international stratigraphy. Once this era was over, the Quaternary Period, another denomination that is not recognized by the commission.
Throughout the Cenozoic Era, there was a collision between Asia and India, about 50 million years ago; About 20 million years later, Eurasia collided with Arabia, and thus closed the sea of Thetis. This resulted in the folding alpine alpine orogeny), a stage in which the most important mountain ranges in South Asia and Europe were formed (such as the Himalayas, the Alps and the Pyrenees), starting in the Atlantic Ocean, touching the Mediterranean Sea, and reaching the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Java.
Is called tertiary to the individual who is part of the third order of a religious order. A Dominican Tertiary , in this sense, it belongs to the Third Order of Santo Domingo (a group laic of the Preachers Order ).
The tertiary education Finally, it covers the proposals Higher education levels than secondary level but do not reach the university degree.