Paragraph , which has its origin in the Latin term paragraphus, is a concept that is used to name the different fragments that form a text . Paragraphs begin with a capital letter and end with a semicolon.
Expository , meanwhile, is an adjective that refers to what makes a exposition about something (that is, expressing it).
The expository paragraphs therefore they are responsible for providing information about various events without including subjective comments. Its purpose is the dissemination of events, and not to convince the reader.
Let's see a example of an expository paragraph :
“The dog is a four-legged mammalian animal. It is a domesticated canid that has a highly developed sense of smell. There are numerous dog breeds, which makes the specimens of this species can have quite different characteristics ”.
As can be seen, the paragraph abounds concrete data (The dog is mammal, canid, has four legs, etc.) and is not included opinions No emotions are transmitted.
Different would be the case of a paragraph that states the following:
“The dog is man's best friend because of his sympathy and his incomparable beauty. By sharing life with a dog, people are happier since they have a partner to play with. To live fully, therefore, the only option is to live with an animal of this type. ”
This last paragraph is not expository since it does not expose the characteristics of the animal , but it suggests certain qualities that are subjective (an incomparable beauty, its sympathy, the effects it generates on people ...).
One of the most obvious characteristics of the expository paragraph is the use of weather present as indicative; Unlike the narration of a story, in which it is necessary to tell a series of events arranged in time, the information transmitted in the sentences of a paragraph of this type is usually true regardless of the temporal plane. A clear example of this is appreciated by saying that the water boils at 100 ° C; the verb boil it is used in the present, since this phenomenon will be repeated as many times as desired, always with the same results .
From a technical point of view, the expository paragraph should be part of a text of the same class; he expositive text It consists of paragraphs that contain objective information about concepts, ideas and events. In both cases, the use of this type of writing serves to provide knowledge to generally non-specialized readers; On the other hand, there are those that present a scientific content and that can be considered within this group.
It is possible to classify the expository texts as follows:
* specialized : the difficulty of your content It is considerable and, therefore, requires prior knowledge at a very deep level for understanding. Some examples are articles on scientific topics, laws and monographs;
* informative : serve to inform the general public about a topic. They are the most common, since we find them daily in encyclopedias, in newspapers, in pamphlets and in textbooks, for example.
Throughout the paragraphs of an expository text, a certain structure , which contributes to the transmission of knowledge; The three main parts are: introduction , where the way in which the main theme will be treated is detailed; he developing , which constitutes the most significant and extensive portion of the entire text, since in its lines the information is presented in order and clearly; the conclusion , with the aim of reviewing the most important points of the exhibition.